Zero to nodejs on Linux
This is not a step-by-step guide, but more of an overview that can help you stitch together the detailed step-by-step guides out there.
npmpackages from your distribution’s package manager. I’ll call this “System nodejs”. You’ll need
sudoto interact with it.
n, a node version manager, into System nodejs.
nto install nodejs versions into your user space. For these versions, you don’t need
I’m running Pop!_OS 21.04, which is essentially a flavor of Ubuntu, so this will look very Ubuntu-ish. If you don’t use
apt to install packages, then simply use your package manager.
First, install Node with npm.
$ sudo apt-get install nodejs npm $ node --version # check that it's installed
Next, update your login scripts. I put this in my
.zshrc (well, eventually—I’ve refactored).
## NPM # Put NPM packages in homedir export NPM_PACKAGES="$HOME/.npm-packages" # Find user-installed node tools export PATH="$NPM_PACKAGES/bin:$PATH" # Unset manpath so we can inherit from /etc/manpath via the `manpath` command unset MANPATH # delete if you already modified MANPATH elsewhere in your configuration export MANPATH="$NPM_PACKAGES/share/man:$(manpath)" # Tell Node about these packages export NODE_PATH="$NPM_PACKAGES/lib/node_modules:$NODE_PATH"
Install n, the annoyingly-named-but-delightful node version manager.
$ sudo npm install n --global $ n --version
Next, update your login scripts again to know about n. I added this:
# Use n to manage node installations in place of NVM # https://github.com/tj/n export N_PREFIX="$HOME/.n" export PATH="$N_PREFIX/bin:$PATH"
Now you can install any version of nodejs without messing up System nodejs.
$ n latest # switch to the latest version and installed it if it's missing $ n # list the installed versions
“How to Install Node.js and npm on Ubuntu Linux”. A generic guide that might be out of date by the time you read this. If so, then search the web.
n – Interactively Manage Your Node.js Versions”
“Install Node.js to install n to install Node.js?” A discussion on how to install n without installing System node. I didn’t try this, but if you feel adventurous, you might want to try it. Please add a comment to let me know how it went.